How to seal, freeze and prevent extension of an object in JavaScript

Read full article on the Infragistics blog

In modern JavaScript, objects are integral, and having a strong understanding of topics surrounding objects is necessary for writing better JavaScript. You can create an object in four ways in JavaScript.

Read about them in greater detail here.

Once you know how to create an object, you may wish to learn about object property descriptors. As a recap, let us say you have an object –cat:

Each object property contains more information than just a value. For example, you can print other property information using the Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptor method

On the console, you can see that a property name offers further information:

image

As is very clear, if writable is set to true, you can rewrite a property value, etc. You can read more about the JavaScript Object Property Descriptor here.

As of now, you know about object property descriptors, so if you are required to make a property Read-Only, you will set the property writable to false.

Next, let us go through a few more requirements for changing the default behavior of a JavaScript object.

  1. Prevent an object from having new property
  2. In addition to requirement 1, mark all properties configurable to false
  3. In addition to requirement 2, make all properties writable to false

Starting with ECMA 6, you have methods to achieve the above requirements. Let us take them one by one:

Object.preventExtensions

Let us say, you have an object – cat:

With Default behavior, you can add properties to a JavaScript object. Thus, the below operation is possible:

To prevent the default behavior from adding properties dynamically in an object, you need to use Object.preventExtensions(). This method prevents an object from having new properties added to it.

After using Object.preventExtensions on the object, if you add new property color, JavaScript will ignore it, and as an output you will get undefined.

If JavaScript is in strict mode, you will get an error if you add a new property to an object that is not extensible.

In strict mode, you will get an error with very clear messaging that states, “cannot add property, object is not extensible”

image

To summarize, you should use the object.preventExtensions method to prevent an object from having new properties added to it.

Read full article on the Infragistics blog

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