Step by Step walkthrough to host WCF service in Windows Azure

Objective

This article will give step by step walkthrough of hosting a WCF service in windows azure.

Note: Before reading through this walkthrough see this http://djoncloud.cloudapp.net/DjService.svc . We are going to host this service in this walkthrough.

Prerequisite

VS 2010 Beta

Windows AZURE SDK should be installed on the system.

Step 1

Open Visual Studio 2010 as an administrator. Select File -> New -> Cloud Service. Click on Windows Azure cloud service template. Give name of the cloud service. After creating the cloud service select the type of role. There are many roles to choose from. For our purpose, we will choose ASP.Net Web Role. After creating ; Now examine the solution explorer. There should be 2 projects. Called WebRole1 and CloudServices1. These names may different basis of the name you given at time of creation of cloud service project in step1.

Step 2

Creating the WCF Service

Right click on WebRole1 project and add new item then select WCF service from the WEB project template.

Modify contract and service implementation as per you. For my purpose , I am making it simple service as below.

Contract

 [ServiceContract]
public interface IDjService
 {
[OperationContract]
string GetMyName(string name);
}

 Service Implementation

public class DjService : IDjService{
public string GetMyName(string name){
return “helllo “ + name + “to my service hosted in Azure”;
} }

 Change the Binding to basicHttpBinding. Make sure to do this.

Note : make sure you have set WebRole1 as startup project .

Step 3

Running on Local Development Fabric (Press F5)

Run the application. This will run on the local development fabric. When we install azure SDK, local development fabric got installed. And when we run the cloud service local development fabric get started and host the application. This provides exactly the same environment as of azure in the cloud. This local development fabric could be used to debug the application before hosting into the cloud.

Running the application on local development fabric

See the URL in address bar of browser, in my case this is

http://localhost:49863/DjService.svc

Step 4

Publishing to cloud (azure)

Right Click on Cloud Service 1 project and select Publish. And publish to azure. See my other articles for details.

Now when you open the URL after publishing , you will get the same page as output you got on the local development fabric. And now you successfully hotsed in cloud.

WCF service hosted in Azure

http://djoncloud.cloudapp.net/DjService.svc

Step 4

Consuming the service hosted in Windows Azure

Create a console application to consume the service. There is a known bug with Azure where a proxy cannot be created from the Azure hosted service. So to as a workaround to create proxy

  1. While adding service reference first adds URL of the service hosted on local development fabric. Copy the URL from Step 3 and right click on Console application and select Add service reference. In service URL paste the URL from step 3.

Call the service hosted in local development fabric like below,

using testingWcfAzureclient.ServiceReference1;
namespace testingWcfAzureclient
{class Program{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
DjServiceClient proxy = new DjServiceClient();
Console.WriteLine(proxy.GetMyName(“Dhananjay “));
Console.Read();
}}}

Output


Open the App.config and modify the address to address of service in azure.

<client><endpoint
address=http://djoncloud.cloudapp.net/DjService.svc
binding=basicHttpBinding
bindingConfiguration=BasicHttpBinding_IDjServicecontract=ServiceReference1.IDjServicename=BasicHttpBinding_IDjService /></client>

Again run the application and you will get the same output.

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